A brief history of the Faculty of Dental Medicine
The education laws from 1898 (art.89) state that “pharmaceutical and dental education” are part of the Faculty of Medicine in Bucharest, regarding “the courses and laboratories, as well as the placements in hospitals and mandatory examinations which must be passed in order to obtain the title of Dentist”. Nevertheless, the stipulations of these laws concerning the education of dentists were not officially enforced back then.
The Sanitary Law from 1910 reiterated the statement that the dentistry practices should only be reserved for graduates of the Medical Faculty, although it also acknowledged the rights earned by dentists without the title of ‘medical doctor’, who had obtained specialty studies abroad. Despite this law, numerous individuals, who had only studied dentistry and obtained a practice through apprenticeship, would still work in this domain.
In 1923, the Professorial Council of the Medical Faculty allowed Dimitrie D. Niculescu to conduct free dentistry conferences for medical students. One year later, he published the first Dentistry Atlas written in Romanian.
In 1929, the Clinical Dentistry Institute was founded at Coltea Hospital, coordinated by Professor Mina Minovici. It served as an institution for medical students to improve their abilities after graduating from university, as the dental specialty had no corresponding opportunities in the context of higher medical education. Afterwards, the administration of the institute was conducted by Professor Iacob Iacobovici, and the headquarters were relocated to Colentina Hospital in 1941.
In 1935, Dan Theodorescu was named the primary care physician in maxillofacial surgery at Coltea Hospital, thus setting up the first oral and maxillofacial surgery department in the entire country.
Two years later, Dan Theodorescu became the coordinator of the Clinical Dentistry Institute, managing all of the 3 departments: oral-dental therapy, orthopedic (prosthetic) dentistry and maxillofacial surgery.
In 1938, the Minister of Public Education declared an initiative to restructure higher education, starting with academic reorganization; this led to the foundation of the Dental Conference of the Medical Faculty, under the leadership of Dan Theodorescu. A year later, Dan Theodorescu earned the title of professor. Through his efforts, the Dental Institute was relocated to a three-floor pavilion of Colentina Hospital, comprising a lecture hall, 74 beds, 60 complete dental units and a dental techniques laboratory. That same year, the School of Dental Nurses and, in 1943 the school of Dental Technicians, were also founded as extensions of the Dentistry Institute.
In 1948, the educational reform (decree 312/9 Nov. 1948) transformed the Clinical Dentistry Institute into the Faculty of Dental Medicine with its first Dean, Professor Emil Eugen Repciuc.
Professor Valerian Popescu, a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy, played a major role in the organization of dental education in Bucharest. Being the successor of Professor Dan Theodorescu in governing the Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic, Professor Valerian Popescu dominated the dental scientific community in the second half of the past century, also representing the Faculty as its Dean.
A series of important figures worth mentioning, whose reputation promoted the development of the academic and didactic activity of the dentistry faculty over the last decades, include: prof. Dr.Eugen Costa, prof. Dr. Lucian Ene, prof. Dr.Stelică Dumitrescu, prof. Dr.Vasilescu, prof. Dr. Andrei Nass, prof. Dr. Ioan Gall, prof. Dr. Alexandru Epurescu, prof. Dr. Memet Gafar, prof. Dr. Nicolae Duţescu, prof. Dr. Corneliu Burlibaşa, prof. Dr. Pătru Firu, prof. Dr. Livia Zarnea, prof. Dr. Nicolae Gănuţă, prof. Dr. Sergiu Ioniţă, prof. Dr. Valerian Popescu, prof. Dr. Constantin Andreescu, Prof. Dr. Stelorian Stănescu.
Management plan for Dean position
In the context of our country’s integration into the European Union and the ongoing development of Dentistry, increasing competitiveness and quality of work nationally, but especially in the scientific circuit internationally, as well as changes in the health of the general population, the affections of the dento-maxilo apparatus constitute a major public health problem, Faculty of Dentistry playing a key role both in training specialists in medical and dental fields, specific scientific research and providing specialized medical assistance to the population.
The Strategic Management Plan of the Faculty of Dental Medicine derived from the management program of the Chancellor of University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, which is based on the vision, mission and goals of our University from the perspective of the Charter University and the National Education Law (Law No. 1/2011).
The defining elements involved in the educational process are teachers and students, curricula and syllabi. In light of the ongoing process of transformation and globalization of the academic field and revaluation functions of higher education, students are one of the very important sources within the university management which require rethinking/reconstruction of the educational process so that it is focused on the student.
Starting from these premises, by promoting a top, participatory and transparent management, the activity of the Faculty of Dental Medicine from within University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” Bucharest has the following development directions:
- Didactic activities
- Sustainable development of scientific research
- Recognize, value and motivation of human resource
- The image and visibility of Faculty of Dental Medicine in the academic community
To achieve these goals requires a real and participatory partnership between teachers and students who should have the basic quality, professionalism, desire for self-improvement, transparency and last but not least, self-esteem.
I Didactic activities
Promoting and supporting a student-centered learning which is also based on learning outcomes and knowledge is even more mandatory in the medical field as well as in the Dental Medicine and in light of the “globalization of health”.
Is mandatory for optimizing the Faculty activity, providing adequate clinical basis/settings for specific educational activities.
It is necessary and appropriate the coordination of all components of the Faculty of Dental Medicine in the following areas:
- Didactic activities for students of the Faculty of Dental Medicine
- Specific preparatory didactic activities via residency training studies
- Continuing Medical Education activity of doctors in the national health system.
In order to achieve these objectives, the following measures are mandatory:
Teaching activity for students of Faculty of Dental Medicine
- Curriculum update, in accordance with the requirements imposed by the labor market and current European dental landmarks.
- Critical review and harmonization of analytical programs, for eliminating duplication and double examination.
- Ensure balance between the hours of internship of specialized clinical disciplines, according to existing medical and dental specialties, thus favoring cognitive and gradually applied learning.
- Implementation for new technologies for teaching, learning and assessment in the quality of teaching service
- Stimulating the load growth of individual study by exploiting existing resources and gain access to international electronic media.
- Making compatible the study programs with the European curricula, to ensure continuity and complementary of information
- Engaging students as real partners in teaching (interactive teaching, improvement of the performance stimulation system etc.)
- Improvement of the teaching-examination/evaluation process, for boosting/increasing the teaching quality of Dental Medicine.
- Initiation of discussions with the UMPCD, M.E.C., M.S. management to introduce an enclosure/annex to the transcript in specifying the skills acquired by the graduate of Dental Medicine
- Achieve a match between the theme for summer practice and study year
- Initiate a dialogue with the appropriate authorities regarding the opportunity of introducing a one year assisted practice, after graduating the University, with the possibility for the outstanding graduates to carry out this training period in the Faculty clinics.
Didactic activities for specific preparation through residency training
- Correlating the number of seats in medical and dental residency specialties with the real training possibilities in the existing technical plateau.
- The creation of a coordination structure over the Faculty of the residency in medical-dental specialties.
- Align the residency training curricula according to the European curricula
- Certification of the specialist titles by the European Boards (Oro- maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontics, Periodontics, Endodontics, Prosthodontics).
Continuous medical education (CME) activity of the medics in the national health system:
- Involvement of the academic staff in the graduate CME events adapted to the requirements of the dental community, in partnership with College of Dental Medics in Romania.
- Identification of topics of great interest which would attract a high number of participants to the CME events.
II. Sustainable development of scientific research
In this respect, in order to increase performance in research activity as well as in didactic activity, we propose:
- The improvement of scientific performance through identifying priority areas of research on a national and European level, through the improvement of Faculty and discipline research policies.
- The development of scientific research activity based on attracting research funding from international or national sources.
- The development of inter-, multi-, and trans-disciplinary scientific research, given the interrelationship between disorders from the Oro-maxillofacial domain with the entire organism.
- The stimulation of usage of existing facilities by identifying the directions of research that can benefit from existing devices and equipment.
- The counseling and stimulation of PhD and Master’s students for the development of research with real scientific value.
- The promotion of communication and collaboration between researchers from the University, as well as the formation of collectives, research centers in which to integrate personalities of science from Romania and abroad.
- The encouragement of student scientific circles and orientation of young people with research skills towards this field.
- The publicizing and dissemination of the scientific research results through the participation in national and international scientific conferences, publication of works in reference journals, organization of symposia and workshops at the level of the Faculty.
- The increasing of preoccupation for the publication of works in prestigious publishing houses.
III. The acknowledgement, valorization, and motivation of human resources
The scientific and didactic consolidation of each discipline and continuous improvement, in terms of the evolution of professional knowledge in every field, by:
- The promotion in academic hierarchy by respecting the qualitative criteria, based on the implementation of an evaluation system for the professional and scientific results of the academic and researching staff.
- The increasing of employment of the vacant academic positions through the attraction of young academic staff, capable of enhancing the scientific value of the discipline.
- The stimulation of training through the furthering of studies in the doctoral school; selection of topics of interest for doctoral research, including those of interdisciplinary character organized in cotutelle agreements.
- The stimulation of academic staff to participate in different national and international scientific events.
- The improvement of pedagogical training of the academic staff, in order to improve the quality of communicative relationships with students.
- The correlation of the salary system and staff incentivization, with the financial resources of the faculty and the professional scientific performance.
- The development of a partnership with valuable specialists from the national and international private sector.
IV The image and visibility of the Faculty of Dental Medicine
- Within the academic community
To improve the image of the Faculty of Dental Medicine and to increase the visibility on a national and international scale, a strategy which contains the following actions must be implemented:
- The development of a public relations strategy for the Faculty of Dental Medicine, defined through coherence and transparency.
- The monitoring of the Faculty’s image among various target audiences (pupils, employers, partners, etc.).
- The organization, together with the student representatives, of promotional campaigns for the Faculty and of the educational programs offered.
- The strengthening of partnerships with universities that offer study programs in dentistry, for the joint modernizing development of education and scientific research, of promotion and support of the dentistry profession.
- Within the Faculty’s management
The students of the Faculty of Dental Medicine are full members of the academic community, which must be permanently consulted and be encouraged to actively participate in the Faculty’s management process, through the following:
- The recognition of the Association “League of Dentistry Students in Bucharest” as a student representative organization in the Faculty, thus ensuring the premises of a coherent and effective dialogue in favor of optimal and expeditious settlement of problems.
- The improvement of the representation level in academic managerial structures of student representatives, who are elected by the members of the student representative organization of the Faculty of Dental Medicine.
- The continuity of work on the social integration of foreign students, in partnership with the League of Dentistry Students in Bucharest.
- The supporting of the introduction of volunteering as an optional subject and examination of the possible recognition of it as a form of professional training.
- The continuation of efforts to maintain and improve the accommodation conditions of students. The prioritization of ensuring accommodation to struggling students (social cases) and to those with exceptional academic results or volunteering activity.
- The redefining of the criteria for awarding grants, according priority to those with exceptional academic results or volunteering activity, as well as social cases.
- The promotion of student-targeted scientific events and encouragement of the establishment of scientific circles, in which students are to be guided by the academic staff.
- The encouragement of experience exchanges with students of other Faculties, either in the country or international.
- The promotion of healthy behaviors among students; the guarantee of access to the University’s sports center for conducting student competitions.
- The encouragement of academic staff implication in student extracurricular activities.
- The punctual support of student-organized projects of interest.