A brief history of the Faculty of Pharmacy
- 1853- Carol Davila sets the bases of medical and pharmaceutical studies in Romania. Having been an army medic since 1854, he starts reorganizing the army Hospital located in the old Mihai Voda church in Bucharest; he also establishes a military pharmacy.
- 1858- on August 16th, the establishment of the “National School of Medicine and Pharmacy” was approved through Law nr. 1092. The purpose of this school, per the legislation, was to train healthcare officers, pharmacists and veterinarians for the health sector of the army, hospitals and districts. The school issued diplomas and titles of healthcare officers, masters in pharmacy and veterinarians.
- 1860- Davila insists on the idea of the Bucharest school being available for both Romanian countries, mentioning that he will transform the pharmacy class in an independent school and that he will also establish a veterinary school.
- 1860- the first independent syllabus for the pharmacy school was for the first semester of 1860-1861 and includes phytology, pharmacognostics , zoology, pharmacology, medical subjects, chemistry, latin, French.
- 1862- the national school of medicine, pharmacy and veterinary studies becomes the National School of medicine with separate classes for medicine, pharmacy and veterinary medicine.
- 1869- due to the common efforts of Nicolae Kretzulescu and Carol Davila, once the Faculty of medicine was built, pharmaceutical studies became the Superior School of Pharmacy.
- 1883- the official monitor nr. 150/11 oct. 1883, states that the superior school of Pharmacy in Bucharest can issue the titles of pharmacist rank I and pharmacy assistant rank II (licensed in pharmacy).
- 1898- due to the contribution of Stefan Minovici, pharmaceutical studies become universitary. Graduates will now obtain the academic title of pharmacist. The Pharmacy Doctorate was also established in the same period.
- 1901- a new building on the Independentei bvd. Is being opened, and a part of the pharmacy laboratories took place there. It was finished in 1903.
- 1911- through some mentions in the superior studies law, the pharmacy section will issue diplomas of license and doctorate.
- 1914- The Faculty of Medicine Council asked for the pharmaceutical studies to be separated from the medical studies. Because of the war, the instatement of the Faculty of Pharmacy was postponed until after the Great Union.
- 1923- pharmaceutical studies are separated from the medical studies (official monitor nr. 54 from june 12th, 1923) and the Faculty of Pharmacy is established, with nine conferences and four fundamental disciplines: Galenic and chemical pharmacy (M. Georgescu), Analytical Chemistry (St. Minovici), Pharmaceutical phytology (T. Solacolu), Analysis of food and beverages (I. Vintilescu).
- 1924- pharmaceutical studies are done over 3 years of study inside the faculty and 2 years of pharmacy internship. After a while it was changed to 4 years of study and 1 year of pharmacy internship.
- 1934- there are now six disciplines (Biological chemistry, General Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, Galenic and pharmaceutical chemistry, Pharmacology – Pharmacodynamy).
- 1941-1942- pharmaceutical studies are done over the course of 6 years organized thusly: first two years within the faculty, third year would be a pharmacy internship, 4th and 5th years within the faculty, 6th year a pharmacy internship.
- 1942- there are 9 disciplines, due to the addition of of Galenic pharmacy, Toxicology and Drug industry. There are also 3 new conferences: Physical chemistry, Mathematics, Vegetal drugs.
- 1944- after the bombings in 1944, the central wing of the university is destroyed, therefore most of the labs belonging to the Faculty of Pharmacy would have to be moved in other places.
- 1948-1949- The Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute in Bucharest will also include the Faculty of Pharmacy with 2 distinct sections: “Recipe section” (3 years of study and 1 year of internship) and “Pharmaceutical studies section” (4 years of study and 1 year of internship).
- 1952- there is a new studies plan, representing a synthesis of university pharmaceutical studies.
- 1976- the faculty moves from nr.1, Dimitrie Gerota str. (which used to be Sahia) to nr.6, Traian Vuia str. There are now 18 disciplines.
- 1986- for a short period of time, the Faculty of Pharmacy loses its identity as a consequence of its merge with the Faculty of Dentistry, forming the Faculty of Pharmacology and Dentistry.
- 1989- The faculty of Pharmacy regains its identity, coming back to its status of independent faculty within U.M.F Carol Davila.
- 1990- there is a fundamental reform of the pharmaceutical schooling, through the elimination of political studies, agricultural and military practice.
- 1993- the Faculty of Pharmacy in Bucharest is the first to organize the residency exam through which an important number of graduates from the faculties of pharmacy are trained in the domains of: general pharmacy, clinical pharmacy, pharmaceutical laboratory, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry.
- Present day- along with the continued preparation through Doctorate and Post-university studies, it has been intended to improve the study plans by introducing new disciplines, such as: Informatics, propedeutics, pharmaceutics, biopharmacy, clinical pharmacy, pathology and medical emergencies, mathematics and biostatistics, analytical chemistry and physico-chemical methods of analysis, pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, phytotherapy, Pharmaceutical management and marketing, drug industry and pharmaceutical biotechnologies.
Leadership of the Faculty of Pharmacy in Bucharest has been held over time by the following deans:
- 1923 – 1925 – Prof. Minovici Ştefan
- 1925 – 1927 – Prof. Georgescu Mihail
- 1927 – 1931 – Prof. Deleanu T. Nicolae
- 1931 – 1936 – Prof. Vintilescu Ion
- 1936 – 1938 – Prof. Solacolu Theodor
- 1938 – 1941 – Prof. Pamfil P. Gheorghe
- 1941 – 1944 – Prof. Vintilescu Ion
- 1944 – 1946 – Prof. Bordeianu Constantin
- 1946 – 1956 – Prof. Popescu Gh. Ioan
- 1956 – 1961 – Prof. Ioanid Nicolae
- 1961 – 1968 – Prof. Ciogolea Gheorghe
- 1968 – Prof. Ştefănescu Dumitru (1 mai – 10 octombrie )
- 1968 – 1972 – Prof. Grigore Constantinescu
- 1972 -1981 şi 1990 (15 feb.- 30 sept.) Prof. Dobrescu Dumitru
- 1981 – 1990 – Prof. Matilda Rosetti-Colţoiu
- 1990 – 1996 – Prof. Moisescu Ştefan-Aurel
- 1996 – 2004 – Prof. Lupuleasa Dumitru
- 2004 – 2008 – Prof. Mircioiu Conatantin
- 2008 – 2016 – Prof. Lupuleasa Dumitru
- 2016 - prezent - Prof. Draganescu Doina
Management plan for Dean position
The Faculty of Pharmacy stands out among the institutions of the National Higher Education System through its tradition, distinction and specificity, as well as its experience, mission and aims.
The Faculty of Pharmacy is established on the basis of university autonomy, regarded as a specific manner of self-determination in accordance with the legal framework ensured by the Romanian Constitution, Education Law no 84/1995, republished in 1999, as well as other laws, such as Law no 87 on 10/04/2006, which represents the approval of Government Order no 75/2005 regarding the quality of education. Internal rules and regulations complete this frame.
The Faculty of Pharmacy is subject to The Lima Declaration on Academic Freedom and Autonomy of Institutions of Higher Education (1988), The Magna Carta of European Universities (1988), The Bologna Declaration (1999). Its activity is based in the Charter of the University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila” Bucharest. The Charter was developed in accordance with the post-1989 institutional reform of the university, after being read by the departments, the students, the University Council, subsequent to an analysis by the University Senate. The content of the Charter was brought to the attention of the academic community through its development, implementation and accessibility, in both printed and electronic form.
Mission and Aims
The Faculty of Pharmacy aims to promote and support its community on a national and international level by setting up a specific cultural component, which includes:
- promoting education and research in accord with the demands of a knowledge-based society, through initial formation, continuous education and integration into a universal context;
- ensuring a background of multicultural, multilinguistic and interconfessional interference;
- socio-economic and cultural development on a local, regional and national level through involvement in the contemporary reality, as the needs of the community demand;
The means for achieving these goals were based on:
- establishing a strategic and efficient managerial plan;
- well-rounded development of the faculty;
- ensuring a balance between democracy, collective involvement and transparency on one hand, and efficienct, reasonable decisions on the other;
- aiming for the highest standards of quality, as far as both the faculty activity and the evaluation procedures are involved.
The strategic plan of the faculty presents the following goals for 2012-2016, many of them having been achieved already:
a. educational component:
- Organising and carrying out the teaching, learning and evaluation processes for graduate, doctoral and residency studies, based on the results of contemporary pedagogical studies;
- Matching the educational programme with present workplace demands;
- Study internationalisation;
- Enforcing the multicultural and European character of the university;
- Developing the part sports and physyical education play in academic programmes.
b) research component:
- Ensuring a competitive advantage on a national level, in all the relevant fields of activity;
- Ensuring a competitive advantage on an international level in a few key fields;
- Carrying out sustained activities aimed at promoting “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy as one of the most reputable universities in the world, thus turning the university into a centre of interest for Romanian and foreign researchers.
c) Social component:
- Developing and diversifying the sanitary and pharmaceutic services on offer, through technologies suited to the demands of society;
- Turning the university into an opinion leader within civil society;
- Emphasizing the role of the university as a cultural catalyst;
- Involving the university in social responsibility actions (Corporate Social Responsibility, CSR).
d) Management and supportive services component:
- The continuous development of human resources for achieving excellence in education, in research and in ensuring services for the community;
- Optimising the organisational structure of the Faculty of Pharmacy;
- Identifying new sources of infrastructure development matching European standards and identifying the resources necessary for institutional development through a strong commitment to maintain an environment ensuring protection and security;
- Attaining a performant, effective and efficient management.
These components, targets and values contribute to the individualisation of the faculty and to the honouring of the fundamental principles of ensuring quality in the European field of higher education.
Based on the internal decisions regarding the indicators and landmarks necessary for ensuring quality in UMPCD, Bucharest, the Faculty of Pharmacy:
- assumes main responsibility for the pharmaceutical services offered;
- protects society’s interests regarding quality standards;
- ensures efficient institutional structures for supporting and improving the quality of the academical programmes;
- ensures the transparency of their services;
- encourages diversity and innovation.
These targets and cultural components contribute to the individualisation of the faculty and to the honouring of the fundamental principles of ensuring quality in the European field of higher education.
The Faculty of Pharmacy respects the Ethical Code elaborated by the University Ethics Committee, constructed upon the following fundamental principles: academic freedom, competence, integrity, colegiality, loyalty, responsibility. The responsibility for respecting the provisions of the Ethical Code belongs, above all, to each member of the academic community, and the institution has practices and mechanisms meant to ensure and to control the application of said provisions. The institutional structure abilitated to oversee the application of the Ethical Code provisions is the university Ethics Committee, constituted and working under the Senate’s supervision.
Regarding the organisational structure of the Faculty of Pharmacy, it consists of departments, subjects, research facilities as well as libraries, laboratories, a museum and a botanical garden.
There are currently 18 subjects taught in the Faculty of Pharmacy and it offers 3-level study programmes (undergraduate studies, internships and doctoral studies).
Due to all these, the Faculty of Pharmacy within Carol DavilaUniversity of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest deserves its place as Romania’s oldest and most prestigious faculty in its field.
The dynamic of the Faculty’s development
The quality of the faculty’s management is also proven by the trajectory of the institution’s development, which can be illustrated through some significant dates throughout its evolution: 1853, 1914, 1948, 1989, 1993:
- 1853 – Carol Davila sets the ground for medical and pharmaceutical education in Romania;
- 1914 – The Faculty of Medicine board requested the separation of pharmaceutical and medical studies. Due to the war, the appearance of the Faculty of Pharmacy was postponed until after the Great Unification;
- 1948 – The Faculty of Pharmacy, with its 2 distinct sections, became a part of the Medical Pharmaceutical Institute of Bucharest;
- 1989 – The Faculty of Pharmacy in Bucharest regained its identity, returning to its status as an independent faculty within UMPCD;
- 1993 – Starting with this year, the Faculty of Pharmacy prepares through internships a significant number of pharmacy graduates. Specialties: General Pharmacy, Clinical Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical laboratory, Pharmaceutical and cosmetical industry.
The aforementioned development implied a number of crucial decisions and radical initiatives regarding the organisation of the study programmes, the progress of scientific research, expanding services towards the community, modernising the infrastructure, creating an advanced communication network.
Nowadays, the faculty’s continuous evolution allowed the students to be prepared in all the branches of pharmacy and to deepen their knowledge in the most significant and modern fields of their profession. Through the faculty’s unique approach, it has confirmed its amplitude by attracting interns and doctoral students from other regions of the country and from abroad. From this point of view, the Faculty of Pharmacy enjoys a prestigious, continuously evolving position. We should also mention the numerous collaborations between departments: joint supervision studies or scientific activities such as: joint supervision bachelor’s degrees, master’s degrees and doctoral degrees, a harmonised curriculum, joint research facilities. Each department is encouraged to organise summer courses and workshops and to participate in national and international manifestations and scientific sessions consistent with the highest standards.